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Cyber security and data protection are among the top concerns of businesses and customers today. Therefore, it is imperative that companies implement the highest information security standards. Compliance with ISO 27001 shows the customer that your companies a robust ISMS and is constantly working to protect all information within the organization.

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) remains committed to supporting global business by developing standards based on input from experts around the world. The ISO/IEC 27001 standard provides a framework for an organization’s Information Security Management System (ISMS). Originally published by both ISO and the International Electro technical Commission (IEC), the latest revision is part of the ISO 27000 family of standards for information security management.

What is the ISO 27001 Standard?

ISO 27001 provides a set of requirements, considerations and evaluation criteria for information security controls implemented in an organization. Compliance depends on managing risks associated with an organization’s IT systems and data management practices. Demonstrating compliance means having a living document that describes and governs all information security practices, procedures and policies.

Why is ISO 27001 Important?

Achieving ISO 27001 compliance and certification is the highest standard for privacy and information security and should be announced to the world by a company. There are several ways an organization can obtain certification, including self-certification. Many organizations choose to utilize external resources to guide compliance and certification, but when an organization self-certifies all compliance assessments, recommendations, and interventions originate from within the organization. Once an organization is ready for certification, evidence of compliance comes from internally developed ISMS and related documentation.

How to conduct an internal audit as per ISO 27001 Standard

Internal audits (described in section 9.2 of the standard) use a five-item checklist to assess current controls and procedures. Organizational leaders following the self-certification path should read and understand the standard before establishing new policies covering the requirements defined in ISO 27001.

With the new policy in place, her following five steps will help determine the current state of her ISMS within her organization.

  • Document review – The organization should first review all documents related to her current ISMS framework, identify the stakeholders and determine the scope of the review. You can then easily request specific documents during the audit.
  • Management Review – Before creating an audit plan, discuss scope and requirements with management and agree on schedule, budget and resource allocation. You can even set the necessary checkpoints to keep everyone up to date with your progress.
  • Field Audits – Plan and conduct audits by observing processes currently running and discussing specific details with frontline personnel. They perform various tests, record results, and review ISMS-related data or documents.
  • Analysis – Once evidence is collected, results can be analysed to assess the organization’s current risk while developing treatment plans that help achieve management goals.
  • Report – The final step is to create an audit report and discuss all findings with stakeholders. The format of the report should include scope, executive summary, distribution list, detailed analysis of all findings, and detailed description of recommendations.

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